Ping360 Scanning Imaging Sonar


The Ping360 is a mechanical scanning sonar for navigation and imaging. It has a 50 meter (165 foot) range, 300 meter (984 foot) depth rating, and an open-source software interface that makes it a capable tool for ROV navigation and underwater acoustic imaging.

The Ping360 comes with everything needed for use on the BlueROV2.

In stock

HS Code: 9015.80.8080

Product Description

Note: The Ping360 scanning sonar is currently in beta. It’s well-tested and we are confident in the hardware design, but we intend to improve the features and performance with software updates in the near future.

The Ping360 scanning sonar is a mechanical scanning imaging sonar. It’s designed primarily to be used on the BlueROV2 and other ROVs for navigation in low-visibility water conditions, but it’s also suited for applications such as inspection, obstacle avoidance, target location and tracking, autonomous systems development, and more!

What is a Scanning Sonar?

If you’re new to scanning sonars, here’s how it works: inside the Ping360 is an acoustic transducer that sends a narrow beam of acoustic energy into the water and then listens back for echoes. That transducer is mounted to a motor that rotates it in one degree increments and as it does this it generates a circular image of the sonar’s surroundings with a maximum range of 50 meters (165 feet). The result is similar to what you might see from a weather radar on the local news or a laser scanner on an autonomous robot. Here’s an example of a scan of dock pilings straight ahead of the BlueROV2:

Dock Pilings in front of the BlueROV2

Dock Pilings in front of the BlueROV2

When mounted on an ROV, the scanning sonar gives you a top-down view of the ROV’s surroundings. You can see echoes from objects like ropes, walls, dock pilings, rocks, shipwrecks, boats, fish, and any other structures or objects that reflect sound waves. With that, you have reference points to navigate from, regardless of water visibility, and you can locate important features in the water quickly. Here’s an example of a 120 degree sector scan showing a rope in front of the sonar:

ROV view of a vertical rope in low-visibility water

ROV view of a vertical rope in low-visibility water

120 degree sector scan of the rope (top-down perspective showing the rope as a dot)

120 degree sector scan of the rope (top-down perspective showing the rope as a dot)

What’s Inside

The Ping360 is designed with an oil-filled section at the top that houses the acoustic transducer and an air-filled section at the bottom. It has an anodized aluminum case and a 1 meter (3.3 foot) cable with a pre-installed cable penetrator. It’s rated to a maximum depth of 300 meters (984 feet). The bottom has four M3 mounting holes and interfaces with an included bracket that makes it easy to install on the BlueROV2 and in other applications.

The sonar operates at an acoustic frequency of 750 kHz and has a beam width of 2 degrees horizontally and 25 degrees vertically. Electrically, it can be powered from any clean 11-25 V power source and it communicates via USB, RS485, or Ethernet.

User Interface

The Ping360 connects to the open source Ping-Viewer application for control and data display. Ping-Viewer runs on Windows, Mac, and Linux and can connect to the Ping360 through a direct connection to the computer or through the Companion web interface on the BlueROV2.

Updated Ping-Viewer Interface showing a tire found with Ping360

Updated Ping-Viewer Interface showing a tire found with Ping360

For those who wish to integrate the Ping360 scanning sonar into other systems and access the data directly, it communicates with a binary message format called the Ping-Protocol. We’ve have Arduino and Python libraries for the Ping-Protocol to get you up and running almost immediately.

Check out the Technical Details and Learn tabs above for more information!



  • 1 x Ping360 scanning sonar with pre-installed cable and M10 penetrator
  • 1 x Penetrator Nut
  • 1 x Penetrator O-ring

Mounting Hardware

  • 1 x Ping360 mounting bracket
  • 4 x M3x5 button head cap screws
  • 2 x M5x12 button head cap screws


  • 1 x 4-pin JST-GH to 4-pin JST-GH adapter PCB
  • 1 x 4-pin JST-GH to USB-A adapter (for USB configuration)
  • 1 x 4-pin JST-GH to male header pin adapter (for RS-485 configuration)


Maximum Supply Voltage25 volts
Minimum Supply Voltage11 volts
Maximum Power Consumption5 W
Communication ProtocolsUSB, Ethernet, RS485
Cable Diameter4.5 mm0.18 in
Cable Length1 m40 in
Cable JacketBlack Polyurethane
Conductor InsulationFEP
Conductor Gauge28 AWG
Power WiresBlack - Ground
Red - Vin
USB ConfigurationOrange-White - Vsense
Green-White - D-
Green - D+
Orange - GND
Ethernet ConfigurationOrange-White - TX+
Green-White - RX+
Green - RX-
Orange - TX-
RS485 ConfigurationOrange-White - Not Used
Green-White - D-
Green - D+
Orange - GND
Frequency 750 kHz
Beamwidth - Horizontal
Beamwidth - Vertical25°
Minimum Range0.75 m2.5 ft
Maximum Range50 m165 ft
Range Resolution0.08% of range
Range Resolution at 50m4.1 cm1.61 in
Range Resolution at 2m1.6 mm0.06 in
Mechanical Resolution0.9°
Scanned SectorVariable up to 360°
Scan Speed at 2 m9 sec / 360° *
Scan Speed at 50 m35 sec / 360° *
Continous 360 degree scan?Yes
Mounting Angle Offset?Yes
Pressure Rating300 m984 ft
Weight in Air (w/ cable)510 g18 oz
Weight in Water (w/ cable)175 g6.17 oz
Sonar Mounting Screw SizeM3x0.5 x 5 mm
Mounting Bracket Screw SizeM5x0.8 x 12 mm
* These values are projected to improve through software optimization.

2D Drawings

Ping Sonar


Ping Mount


3D Models



Revision History

17 September 2019

  • R1 – Initial Release

Quick Start

1. Download Ping-Viewer for your operating system.

2. Connect the power wires (red and black wires) into open screw power terminals (11-25VDC).

Ensure the power wires are correctly installed (positive and negative) before the device is powered on. Ping360 does not have any reverse polarity protection and the Processor Board will be damaged if powered incorrectly.

3. Plug the JST-GH to JST-GH inline connection board into JST-GH connector coming from the Ping360.

4. Plug the JST-GH to USB-A cable into the other end of the JST-GH to JST-GH inline connection board.

5. Plug the JST-GH to USB cable (USB side) into a computer.

6. Start Ping-Viewer and the sonar display and scanning should automatically start.

Ping360 Start


Ping360 Installation Guide for the BlueROV2

Learn how to install the Ping360 on your BlueROV2.

Changing Communications Interface on the Ping360

Learn how to change the communications interfaces on the Ping360 for different applications.

Understanding and Using Scanning Sonars

Learn how to interpret scanning sonar imagery and how to use it on ROVs with this guide.

Protocol Format



Blue Robotics Forum – Sensors