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Fault-Adaptive Autonomy in Systems with Learning-Enabled Components

Faults and degradations, such as sensor failures, software malfunctions, actuators degradations, etc., can happen anytime and anywhere in a system. In this journal, the authors test an autonomy architecture that has the ability to self-correct if faced with a failure using a simulated Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) based on the BlueROV2 platform.

Abstract: Autonomous Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) must be robust against potential failure modes, including physical degradations and software issues, and are required to self-manage contingency actions for these failures. Physical degradations often have a significant impact on the vehicle dynamics causing irregular behavior that can jeopardize system safety and mission objectives. The paper presents a novel Behavior Tree-based autonomy architecture that includes a Fault Detection and Isolation Learning-Enabled Component (FDI LEC) with an Assurance Monitor (AM) designed based on Inductive Conformal Prediction (ICP) techniques. The architecture implements real-time contingency-management functions using fault detection, isolation and reconfiguration subsystems. To improve scalability and reduce the false-positive rate of the FDI LEC, the decision-making logic provides adjustable thresholds for the desired fault coverage and acceptable risk. The paper presents the system architecture with the integrated FDI LEC, as well as the data collection and training approach for the LEC and the AM. Lastly, we demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed architecture using a simulated autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) based on the BlueROV2 platform.

Author: Stojcsics, D.; Boursinos, D.; Mahadevan, N.; Koutsoukos, X.; Karsai, G.

Journal: Sensors

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